Formal Epistemology Ph.D. Programs

From Formal Epistemology
Revision as of 07:12, 23 March 2017 by (Talk) (London School of Economics (Department of Philosophy, Logic, and Scientific Method))

Jump to: navigation, search

This page may be accessed directly at:

This wiki provides an unranked list of Ph.D. and terminal M.A. programs that have faculty with research interests in or closely relating to formal epistemology broadly construed. Links are provided to the websites, CVs, and PhilPapers profiles of the relevant faculty at each program. Additionally, when known, the specialties and willingness of faculty members to work with new graduate students are noted. The primary intended audience is prospective or current graduate students who aim to pursue research relating to formal epistemology and wish ultimately to find employment as a formal epistemologist. This page should aid such students in getting the lay of the land by seeing who works where, and on what.

This wiki is modeled on Shawn A. Miller's, is generously hosted by, and is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Please note: If you want to create your own philosophy wiki, visit, which offers free setup, free hosting, and a free, i.e., Creative Commons, template. These resources were used to create this wiki. Wikis are being created for other areas, all of which will be linked at and in the sidebar.


Note to Prospective Graduate Students

The purpose of this wiki is to aid your search for graduate programs that suit your tastes; however, those without interests that intersect with formal epistemology are unlikely to find this page useful. It does so in two ways. First, by listing as many programs with active researchers in areas relating to formal epistemology as possible. And, second, by making research into those programs more convenient and efficient by identifying relevant faculty and providing easy access to their bios, research interests, CVs, partial publication lists, etc. However, while this site may be where your research into programs starts, it decidedly should not be where it ends. You need to dig around and do your due diligence—e.g., contact people within the programs[1]—in order to put yourself in the best possible position to make an informed decision about where to apply. Best of luck!

When they become available, students are encouraged to consult PhilWikis for related fields. It is in students' best interest to see if programs have strengths in philosophical logic, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of cognitive science, and other related areas.

How to Contribute

This is a wiki, so anyone can contribute. If programs or faculty have been overlooked—which is assuredly the case—you are encouraged to add them, even if you are not a member of that department. Also, information will date rapidly—especially, e.g., links to pdf CVs since their filenames often contain the (approximate) dates of creation, which change—so by all means help keep things up to date.

Wiki formatting/markup is very straightforward. Just click 'Edit' at the top of the page—or next to the entry you want to modify—and mimic the format of existing entries. Not all entries list the specialties of faculty members or whether faculty members are willing to work with new students. If that information is known, please add it, since that is very helpful to prospective students.

Below this paragraph is the standard format for faculty information—best practices are to include all information available to you, but you should not feel the need to have all information in order to make any additions:

    • Specialties: LIST-OF-AOS (via WEBSITE-OR-CV)

Every program listed also has a separate Wiki Program Page where additional information can be provided to prospective students. While the style and format of this main page should be kept consistent, individual Wiki Program Pages can take any form whatsoever. To edit one of these pages, simply follow the Wiki Program Page link underneath the department listing of interest and edit that page. To add a Wiki Program Page, follow the directions here.[2]

Wiki Program Pages will, when first created, contain the same information as the front-page listing, though these pages should include more detailed information as it becomes available.[3]

Unlike other PhilWikis, the formal epistemology wiki will list affiliated faculty on the main page so long as these faculty member are willing to work closely with graduate students working in formal epistemology. The rational being that many faculty whose work is aptly characterized as falling within the bounds for formal epistemology are not housed in philosophy departments. Many formal epistemologists are employed, for example, by computer science, cognitive science, psychology, political science, economics, or statistics departments. More detailed information about the extent that these faculty members are willing to work with graduate researchers in formal epistemology should be included in Program Pages.

This site does not pretend to provide an exhaustive list of graduate programs in philosophy that would serve students with interests relating to formal epistemology, though that is the goal. Your contributions are most appreciated in working towards that goal.

Questions, comments, ideas about this page? Let Ted Shear know at

Questions, comments, ideas about Let Shawn A. Miller know at

Standards, Practices, and Guidelines

  1. The criterion for program inclusion is just that a Ph.D. program have at least one full-time faculty member who can serve on a dissertation committee and who may be plausibly identified as working in formal epistemology. Since work in formal epistemology often falls at the intersection of other disciplines (e.g. at the intersection of epistemology and philosophical logic, philosophy of science and epistemology, philosophy of science and philosophy of cognitive science, etc.), it is often the case that active researchers in formal epistemology do not explicitly list formal epistemology as an AOS. Thus, there is no requirement that the field is listed in order for faculty inclusion on the wiki.
  2. Accordingly, the standard of evidence required for inclusion of faculty members will be quite low and will be at the discretion of individuals.
  3. As a rule of thumb: it is better to include information about too many people than to omit faculty members who might be useful to graduate researchers. Erring on the side of being inclusive is generally a good policy since prospective students can peruse bios, CVs, and publication lists to help determine whether they think a borderline faculty member would be potentially helpful to their philosophical research interests. [4]
  4. Some Ph.D. programs not housed in philosophy departments may be listed so long as they are plausibly places where an individual might pursue graduate research in formal epistemology with the aim of employment in a philosophy department. For example, it would be remiss to not list the Computer Science program at Cornell given the large number of faculty with relevant research interests and the fact that Joe Halpern's recent student Adam Bjorndahl was recently hired by CMU's philosophy department.

Ph.D. Programs (Australasia)

All programs reside in philosophy departments, unless otherwise specified. Wiki Program Pages contain identical information to front-page listings, also unless otherwise specified.

Australia National University

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Alan Hájek // website 1, PhilPapers, CV
    • Specialties: Foundations of Probability, Decision Theory, Philosophy of Science, Formal Epistemology, Philosophical Logic (via website)

University of Melbourne

{Wiki Program Page}

Monash University

{Wiki Program Page}

University of Otago

{Wiki Program Page}

Ph.D. Programs (Canada)

All programs reside in philosophy departments, unless otherwise specified. Wiki Program Pages contain identical information to front-page listings, also unless otherwise specified.

University of Alberta

{Wiki Program Page}

University of British Columbia

{Wiki Program Page}

University of Toronto

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Franz Huber // website 1, website2, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Formal Epistemology, General Philosophy of Science, and Philosophical Logic, Metaphysics, Philosophy of Language, Metaphilosophy

University of Victoria

{Wiki Program Page}

University of Waterloo

{Wiki Program Page}

  • David DeVidi // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialities: Logic, Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics, Philosophy of Language and Philosophy of Science
  • John Turri // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialities: Epistemology, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics, Ethics

Ph.D. Programs (United Kingdom)

All programs reside in philosophy departments, unless otherwise specified. Wiki Program Pages contain identical information to front-page listings, also unless otherwise specified.

University of Bristol

  • Richard Pettigrew // website
    • Specialities: The epistemology of uncertain beliefs; rational decisions; metaphysics and epistemology of mathematics

{Wiki Program Page}

London School of Economics (Department of Philosophy, Logic, and Scientific Method)

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Luc Bovens // website
    • Specialities: Philosophy and Public Policy. Moral and Political Theory. Rationality and Formal Epistemology.
  • Colin Howson //
    • Specialities: Philosophy of Science, logic and foundations of probability.
  • Christian List // website
    • Specialities: Social choice theory. Decision theory. Political theory, formal and normative. Philosophy of science and social science. Theories of democracy and deliberation. Theories of agency, mental causation, and free will.
  • Anna Mahtani // PhilPapers
    • Specialities: Vagueness. Philosophy of Probability. Formal Epistemology.
  • David Makinson // website
    • Specialities: Logic and its relations with other disciplines, particularly philosophy and computer science. Logic of belief change. Nonmonotonic reasoning. Input/output logics. Logic of normative systems. Logical friendliness. Qualitative versus quantitative analyses of uncertain reasoning. Relevance criteria for belief change operations.

University of Cambridge

{Wiki Program Page}

University of Oxford

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Frank Arntzenius // website
    • Specialities: Formal Epistemology, Philosophy of Physics, Decision Theory
  • Timothy Williamson // website
    • Specialities: Philosophical logic, Philosophy of language, Epistemology and Metaphysics.

University of St. Andrews (Arché)

{Wiki Program Page}

University of St. Andrews (Philosophy)

{Wiki Program Page}

Ph.D. Programs (Continental Europe)

All programs reside in philosophy departments, unless otherwise specified. Wiki Program Pages contain identical information to front-page listings, also unless otherwise specified.

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy)

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Martin Fischer // website, CV PhilPapers
    • Specialties: axiomatic theories of truth, syntactical treatments of modality, interpretability (via website)
  • Stephan Hartmann // website, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: philosophy of Science, Bayesian epistemology, social epistemology
  • Ole Hjortland // website, 2, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialities: philosophy of logic, formal logic, philosophy of language, and formal epistemology
  • Hannes Leitgeb // website, CV PhilPapers
    • Specialties: theories of truth and modality, paradox, conditionals, nonmonotonic reasoning, dynamic doxastic logic (via website)
  • Florian Steinberger // website, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: (formal) epistemology and philosophy of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics (logicism, intuitionism), metaphysics (realism/anti-realism), Frege, and Carnap, philosophy of religion
  • Gregory Wheeler // website, CV PhilPapers
    • Specialties: formal epistemology, philosophy of science, decision theory, imprecise probabilities, modal logic, bounded rationality, social epistemology

Lund University

Tilburg University (Tilburg Center for Logic, General Ethics, and Philosophy of Science)

{Wiki Program Page}

University of Amsterdam (Institute of Language Logic and Computation)

{Wiki Program Page}

University of Groningen

{Wiki Program Page}

Ph.D. Programs (United States)

All programs reside in philosophy departments, unless otherwise specified. Wiki Program Pages contain identical information to front-page listings, also unless otherwise specified.

Arizona State University

{Wiki Program Page}

Baylor University

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Charity Anderson // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion
  • Trent Dougherty // website 1, 2, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Epistemology/Rationality Theory (Evidence/Reasons), Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Language
  • Jonathan Kvanvig // website 1, 2, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Metaphysics and Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Logic and Language

Brown University

{Wiki Program Page}

  • David Christensen // website [1] PhilPapers [2]
    • Specialties: Epistemology and Philosophy of Science

Carnegie Mellon University

{Wiki Program Page}

Please see the Carnegie Mellon University's Center for Formal Epistemology.

  • Jeremy Avigad // website 1, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Mathematical logic, proof theory, philosophy of mathematics, formal verification, automated reasoning, history of mathematics
  • Steve Awodey // website 1, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Category Theory, Logic, Philosophy of Mathematics, Early Analytic Philosophy
  • Adam Bjorndahl // website 1, CV
    • Specialties: Modal Logic, Game Theory, Decision Theory, Formal Epistemology
  • David Danks // website 1, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Causal learning (human and machine), Cognitive Science, Philosophy of Psychology, Philosophy of Science, Bounded Rationality, Decision-making
  • B.R. George // website 1, CV
    • Specialties: Semantics and pragmatics of natural language, Applications of formal logic in linguistic theory,Philosophy of language and linguistics
  • Clark Glymour // website 1, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Philosophy of Science, Causal Modeling, Cognitive Science, Machine Learning, Automated Genomics
  • Kevin Kelly // website 1, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, Learning Theory, Computability
  • Richard Scheines // website 1, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Philosophy of Science (Causation), Artificial Intelligence (Machine Learning), Educational Computing (Online Courses and Virtual Labs)
    • Note: Professor Scheines is currently Dean of the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Teddy Seidenfeld // website 1, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Foundations of Statistics, Probability Theory, Decision Theory
  • Wilfried Seig // website 1, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Proof Theory, Computability Theory, History & Philosophy of Mathematics (19th and 20th centuries)
  • Mandy Simons // website 1, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Philosophy of Language, Formal Semantics and Pragmatics of Natural Language
  • Peter Spirtes // website 1, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Graphical and Statistical Modeling of Causes, Causation in the Social Sciences, Philosophy of Physics
  • Kevin Zollman // website 1, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Game and Decision Theory, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Biology, Philosophy of Economics

City University of New York

Columbia University

Cornell University

MIT (Department of Linguistics and Philosophy)

  • Roger White // website [3]
    • Specialties: Epistemology and Philosophy of Science
  • Vann McGee // website [4]
    • Specialties: philosophical logic, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language
  • Robert Stalnaker // website [5]
    • Specialties: philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, metaphysics

Notre Dame University

New York University

  • Cian Dorr // website
    • Specialties: metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of language, philosophy of physics

Northwestern University

Ohio State University

Princeton University

  • Adam Elga // website [6]
    • Specialties: decision and game theory, epistemology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science

Rutgers University, New Brunswick

Stanford University

  • Rachael Briggs // website [7]
    • Specialties: Decision Theory, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Logic
  • Thomas Icard // website [8]
    • Specialties: Formal Philosophy, Logic
  • Brian Skyrms // website [9]
    • Specialties: Formal Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Social Science

Texas A&M University, College Station

{Wiki Program Page}

  • José Luis Bermúdez // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: cognitive science, philosophy of mind, decision theory
  • Robert Burch // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: logic, history of logic, non-deductive logic, American philosophy
  • Michael Hand // website, PhilPapers, CV (PDF)
    • Specialties: philosophy of language, philosophy of logic/mathematics, metaphysics
  • Christopher Menzel // website, PhilPapers, CV
    • Specialties: philosophy of logic/mathematics, logic and metaphysics of modality

University of California, Berkeley (Group in Logic and the Methodology of Science)

{Wiki Program Page}

University of California, Berkeley (Philosophy)

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Lara Buchak // website
    • Specialties: decision, game, and rational choice theory
  • Niko Kolodny // website
    • Specialties: moral and political philosophy
  • Seth Yalcin // website
    • Specialties: philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics, formal epistemology, and linguistics.

University of California, Davis

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Elaine Landry // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Philosophy of mathematics (structuralism, category theory, set theory, model theory), philosophy of science (structural realism, physics, logical positivism, realism), analytic philosophy (Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap), philosophy of language, logic (via website)
  • Hanti Lin // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Epistemology, decision theory, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophy of logic (via website)

University of California, Irvine (Logic and Philosophy of Science)

University of Illinois

University of Maryland, College Park

{Wiki Program Page}

  • John F. Horty // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Non-monotonic logic, deontic logic, legal reasoning (via website)
  • Aidan Lyon // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Social epistemology, decision theory, judgement aggregation (via website)
  • Eric Pacuit // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Modal logic (especially epistemic logic), foundations of game theory, social choice theory, decision theory (via website)

University of Miami

University of Michigan

{Wiki Program Page}

  • James M. Joyce // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: (Formal) Epistemology, Decision Theory, and Philosophy of Science
  • David Manley // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Metaphysics, (Formal) Epistemology, Philosophy of Language
  • Sarah Moss // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: (Formal) Epistemology, Philosophy of Language
  • Brian Weatherson // website, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: (Formal) Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

University of Oklahoma

{Wiki Program Page}

  • Steve Ellis // Website, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Decision Theory, Philosophy of Economics, Philosophy of Mind, Ethics
  • James Hawthorne // Website 1, 2, CV, PhilPapers
    • Specialties: Formal Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics, Formal Logic, Artificial Intelligence

University of Pennsylvania

University of Washington

  • Conor Mayo-Wilson // Website
    • Specialties: Epistemology (esp. formal and social), Philosophy of Science, Logic, and Philosophy of Mathematics
  • William Talbott // Website
    • Specialties: Social and Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Human Rights, Epistemology, Ethics, Rational Choice Theory, and the Philosophy of Law.

University of Wisconsin at Madison

  • Elliott Sober // Website
    • Specialties: Epistemology of evolutionary biology, Ockham's razor, Bayesianism versus Frequentism, Observation Selection Effects, model selection theory, Likelihoodism.
  • Michael Titelbaum // Website
    • Specialties: Formal epistemology, Philosophy of Science, Metaethics, Decision Theory, Logic.

Washington University in St. Louis

M.A. Programs


  1. This site is not in the business of giving prospective students advice—on how to select programs or anything else—but it can be very helpful and illuminating to contact graduate students currently enrolled in departments you are considering and asking if they would be willing to share their impressions of and experience in the programs. The worst that can happen is that they say 'no'. Of course, what they share must be taken with a grain of salt since everyone's experiences differ, and disgruntled students will paint a radically different picture than contented ones. For that reason, seeking out multiple sources can be worthwhile.
  2. If adding a new Wiki Program Page seems too daunting, that's fine. One is likely to be created for you after a period of time.
  3. Example of things you might like to add to a Program Page include: regular reading groups, additional resources, specific detailed information about a program that might not otherwise be readily available.
  4. Also, as long as a department has one full-time, plausibly identified formal epistemology, the graduate program is listed, which makes the determination of whether other faculty count as formal epistemologists less crucial.

Wiki Editing Resources